According to World Health Organization more than 4 million people die from illnesses caused by household air pollution, and approximately 3 billion people use open fires and simple stoves that burn biomass for cooking and heating their homes. Around 3 billion people use solid fuels, such as wood, coal, and crop wastes, for the same purposes, which results in high levels of household air pollution, especially in homes with poor ventilation. Therefore, it goes without saying that this issue is far too serious to be neglected. Fortunately, there are certain measures that can be taken in order to improve the quality of indoor air.
You would think that opening a window will do the trick and let the fresh air in, however, this is far from the perfect solution. Outdoor air is full of pollutants caused by traffic, industries, dirt, and so on. Instead, you can try using trickle ventilation, that is, a screen with filters. This device lowers the levels of indoor air pollutants, and it simultaneously lets fresh air in. Other systems that increase air ventilation rate are fans, air-to-air heat exchangers, etc. Furthermore, ventilation controls indoor temperature, which reduces the level of contaminants. However, natural ventilation can also contribute to the quality of indoor air and lower the indoor temperature. It refers to the movement of air caused by opening windows and doors, or by shading windows. Make sure to open windows during low levels of outdoor pollutants, especially during spring and autumn.
Keep Your Home Clean
Another step that will reduce indoor air pollution is cleaning your home regularly. However, it is of utmost importance to opt for the right cleaning products, since some of them contain volatile organic compounds (VOC) that pollute air. Buy those with low VOC, or no VOC at all, or cleaners that are fragrance-free. In addition, choose liquids instead of sprays. Furthermore, you can reduce allergens and pollutants by washing your bedsheets and pillows once a week in order to eradicate dust mites and other allergens. Keep your dirty shoes outside so as to avoid letting dirt and dust come in, and place doormats at the door. Smoking outside can also keep inside air fresh and clean, therefore, if you, or other members of your household, smoke, go outside for a cigarette. This will definitely improve indoor air quality.
Making sure that air in your home is always clean is extremely important, considering the aforementioned statistics. One way of achieving this is by opting for hepa air purifiers. There are different types of these purifiers, such as table-top models meant for one room, or systems designed for the entire house. Such air cleaners efficiently remove particles from air and keep it fresh. In order to ensure the effective use of air purifiers, it is necessary to follow the manufacturer’s directions.
Controlling humidity is also an important step in reducing indoor air pollution. Humidity level in your home should be less than 60 percent, therefore, you should consider obtaining a dehumidifier which must be cleaned on regular basis. There are some steps that you can take in order to control humidity that include repairing leaks, turning on exhaust fans while taking a shower and getting plants (however, they must be watered moderately). In case of water damage and house flood, act quickly to remove the water and dry the area to prevent mould from spreading.
Indoor air pollution is a serious problem and must be controlled so as to avoid any possible health issues. Obtaining air purifiers, cleaning your house regularly and increasing ventilation are simple but effective ways of keeping it under control.